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Benefits and Side Effect of Drinking Coffee for Health

About Coffee

Coffee is the result of steeping the coffee beans that have been roasted and grinded into powder. Coffee is a world cultivation commodity from more than 50 countries. Two types of coffee trees are very well known in general i.e. Robusta (Coffea canephora) and Arabica coffee (Coffea arabica).

Benefits and Side Effect of Drinking Coffee for Health

Before drinking coffee is processed through a fairly long process from harvesting coffee beans that have been cooked well with how the machine or by hand, then do the processing and drying coffee beans. The next process coffee beans roasted with a varied degree level. And then grinded coffee beans or mashed into powder coffee before the coffee can on the drink.

History of Coffee

The history of the discovery of coffee has started thousands of years ago. History of coffee here briefly :
  • The year 1000 BC – Arab Merchants carried coffee beans to the region of the Middle East and create them for the first time in history.
  • Year 1453Ottoman Turkey introduced coffee drinks in Constantinople. There was opened the first coffee shop in the world named Kiva Han in 1475.
  • The year 1511Coffee is considered a sacred drink by the Sultan of Mecca as a follow up to the actions of Khait Beg who wanted to ban the circulation of coffee.
  • The year 1600 – Pope Clement VIII allow Christians to drink coffee after various debate because of the drink is derived from the Ottoman Empire. In the same year, coffee drinks walked into Italy.
  • The year 1607Captain John Smith introduced the coffee drinks in North America while on duty to find the Virginia Colony at Jamestown.
  • The year 1645Italy's first coffee house was opened.
  • Year 1652 – the United Kingdom's first coffee house was opened and soon mushroomed into various corners in each area.
  • The year 1668 – beer is replaced by coffee as a favorite drink in New York.
  • The year 1672 – the first coffee house was opened in Paris.
  • Year 1675Franz Georg Kolschitzky discovered coffee beans and claim it as a prize in the event of war in Viena. After that, he opened a coffee shop in Central Europe and sell coffee drinks that have been filtered, given the sweetener, and milk.
  • Nescafe commercialized the first time in 1938 in Switzerland.
  • The year 1690 – the Netherlands started to distribute and brewed coffee beans commercially in Ceylon and Java Indonesia.
  • Year 1714Gabriel Mathieu do Clieu managed to steal the coffee beans from the Netherlands to accompany the count to the French King Louis XIV and planted it in Martinique which is the source of 90% of the world's coffee crop at this time.
  • The year 1721 – first coffee house was opened in Berlin.
  • The year 1727 – the Era of the coffee industry in Brazil was started and it was spearheaded by Lieutenant Colonel Francisco de Melo Palheta.
  • The year 1775The Frederick of Prussia to block all imports of green coffee which is then immediately denounced by the people.
  • The year 1900The company Hill Bros, commercializes canned coffee drinks.
  • The year 1901Satori Kato manages to produce fast-food coffee drinks.
  • The year 1903Ludwig Roselius, a descendant of the German managed to separate the caffeine from coffee beans and sells its products under the name Sanka in the United States.
  • The year 1920 – the year of sales copies in the United States increased sharply.
  • The year 1938 – commercializing products by Nestle coffee named Nescafe in Switzerland.
  • The year 1946Achilles Gaggia Coffee mokacino succeeded for the first time.

Types of Coffee

Coffee varieties refers to a subspecies of coffee. Coffee beans from two different places usually also have different characters, both from the aroma (from citrus fragrance to the scent of soil), caffeine content, flavor and acidity. The characteristics of this coffee plant depends on where it is grown, the production process and genetic differences subspecies of coffee.

Benefits of Drinking Coffee for Health and Side Effects

 

Varieties of Arabica Coffee.

Coffea arabica species has a rich flavor than Coffea robusta. Coffee arabica has many varieties. Each variety has a unique trait. Some well-known varieties include :
  • Coffee Colombia (Colombian coffee) – first introduced in Colombia earlier in the year 1800. The current cultivars Maragogype, Caturra, Typica and Bourbon are grown in this country. If direct fried, Colombia's coffee has a strong flavor and aroma. Colombia is the second largest coffee producer in the world after Brasilia. About 12% of the world's coffee is produced in this country.
  • Colombian Milds – includes varieties of coffee from Colombia, Kenya and Tanzania. Everything is a type of arabica coffee that has been cleaned first. 
  • Costa Rican Tarrazu – from (en)  "San Marcos de Tarrazu valley " in the mountains outside of San José, Costa Rica.
  • Guatemala Huehuetenango – Coffee Tree This species grows at an altitude of 5000 feet in the area of ​​North Guatemala.
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  • Ethiopian Harrar – from Harar, Ethiopia.
  • Ethiopian Yirgacheffe – from an area in the town of Yirga Cheffe in the province of Sidamo (Oromia), Ethiopia.
  • Hawaiian Kona Coffee is grown on the foot of the mountains – Hualālai in the District of Kona in Hawaii. Coffee was introduced first in these islands by Chief Boki. He was Governor of Oahu in 1825.
  • Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee – is a type of coffee originating from the Blue Mountains in Jamaica. This coffee has a great price because its popularity.
  • Java Coffee – Coffee originating from the island of Java in Indonesia. This coffee is very notable so the name Java became the name of the identity to copies.
  • Kenyan – famous for keasamannya and taste level.
  • Mexico – to produce the coffee beans that are hard.
  • Mocha – coffee from Yemen was traded in the port of Mocha in Yemen. Don't be mistaken by way of serving coffee with chocolate.
  • Santos – from Brasilia. Has low acidity level.
  • Sumatra Mandheling and Sumatra Mandheling is named after – Bucky Batak Mandailing in North Sumatra in Indonesia. Coffee Bucky is named after the name of Bucky in Northern Sumatra.
  • Gayo Coffee – comes from the Gayo Highlandsis the original tribal name Gayo in Aceh. which includes the Districts of Central Aceh, Bener Meriah and Gayo Lues Regency.
  • Sulawesi Toraja, Kalosi – planted in high mountainous area of Sulawesi. Kalosi is the name of a small town in the island of Sulawesi, which is an area that collects coffee from the surrounding area. Toraja is mountainous area of Sulawesi where this coffee place. Coffee from Sulawesi has a rich aroma, balanced acidity level (quite a bit stronger than the Sumatran coffee) and have characterized the multidimensional. The colour is dark brown. Coffee is suitable for deep fried until color is dark. Because of the production process, this type of coffee can dry irregularly. However the seed of this irregular shape can enrich the taste.
  • Tanzania Peaberry – in planting on Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania.  "Peaberry " i.e. coffee beans is only one in each fruit. Not like a two in one piece. It usually grows naturally on 10% of the harvest of coffee.
  • Uganda – although most producers of robusta coffee. There is also a quality Arabica coffee is known as Bugishu
  • Coffee Luwak – one of the varieties Robusta and Arabica coffee that has been eaten by the Civet have been collected and processed. The flavor and aroma of coffee specialities and be the most expensive coffee in the world.
    • The Varieties Robusta Coffee.

      One of the famous varieties of robusta coffee luwak coffee is from Indonesia and Kape Alamid from the Philippines. These coffee beans are collected from the Civet civet. This coffee has a distinctive flavor.

      Content in Coffee 

      What are the Contents in a cup of coffee?
      Initiate the morning with a cup of coffee became a routine for some people. Especially for those who live in areas with colder temperatures. Not only is consumed when the morning coffee is also often consumed the time of day or night. Various reasons are consuming coffee is also varied, ranging from to warm the body, restoring a mood, or simply as a friend and food gathering with friends.

      The following Content contained on the coffee :
      • Caffeine – caffeine is the main substance that is in the coffee. It is this substance that often makes the eyes be fresh after drinking coffee. Coffee also contains the alkaloid plant, some kind of substance that is contained in the nicotine, but the side effects are not too strong.
      • Water (H2O) – water is an essential substance in the coffee function dissolve oils and flavor in coffee beans. Ideally, a good measure in a cup of coffee that is 98.67% 1.25% water and coffee powder which readily dissolves.
      • 2-Ethyphenol – this substance produces the aroma of coffee. 
      • Quinic acid – is the substance which gives a sour taste in coffee. Acidity levels every coffee is different depending on the type.
      • Dimethyl disulfide – more of this Substance is contained in raw coffee beans, or beans that haven't been baked.
      • Acetylmethylcarbinol – This gives substances savory in coffee beans. So, do not be surprised when we drink coffee feel slightly savory in it.
      • Trigonelline – Although it tends to taste bitter, the sweet flavor of coffee in there. This is the substance that makes a cup of coffee became more noticeably sweet.
      • 3.5 Dicaffeoylquinic – substances which act as anti-oxidants. These substances can give benefits to protect the body from free radicals.

         Types of Coffee Drinks

        Coffee drinks are a diverse kind. Each type of coffee that exist have process serving and processing that is unique. The following are some examples of coffee drinks that are commonly known :
        • Black coffee – coffee is the result ektraksi directly from boiling coffee beans which is served without the addition of any flavour.
        • Espresso – coffee drinks that are processed by extracting coffee beans using hot steam at a high enough pressure.
        • A latte (coffee latte) – is a type of espresso coffee with which is added to milk, the ratio between milk and coffee is 3: 1.
        • Café au lait – Coffee is almost the same as caffe latte but the mixture is black coffee.
        • Caffè macchiato – espresso coffee added to milk with a ratio of coffee and milk is 4: 1.
        • Cappuccino – coffee added milk, cream, and chocolate chips.
        • Dry cappuccino – cappuccino with a little cream and no milk.
        • Frappé – the espresso is served cold.
        • Instant coffee – derived from coffee beans that have been dried and granulated..
        • Coffee Ireland (irish coffee) – coffee mixed with whiskey.
        • Coffee tubruk – authentic Indonesian coffee made by cooking coffee beans along with sugar.
        • Melya – a type of coffee with a mixture of chocolate powder and honey..
        • Cafe mocha – almost the same as cappuccino and latte, but this extra coffee is chocolate syrup.
        • CapsizesThailand coffee specialities cooked with corn, soy bean, and sesame.


        Benefits of Coffee

        Not a few people who think that the coffee is not good for health. When in fact the coffee has a very good benefits for the health of our body.

        Arabica or robusta coffee contains antioxidants and nutrusi that are important to the health of our body.
        18 Benefits of Drinking Coffee for Health and Side Effects

        Research shows that people who regularly consume coffee every day will be more difficult under attack of some kind of serious illness than those who do not consume coffee. The following 18 drinking coffee for health benefits :

        1. Coffee can Prevent Cancer

        Cancer is one of the main causes of death in the world. Coffee helps to prevent exposed to two types of cancer, that cancer of the liver (40%) and colon (15%).

        2. Coffee Does Not Cause Liver Disease and Can Reduce the Risk of Stroke.

        Coffee contains caffeine which can increase blood pressure. However, the effect is very small (3-4 mm / Hg) and will usually disappear quickly after drinking coffee regularly. Increase blood pressure it can settle down to some people.

        Research does not support the myth that says that coffee increases the risk of heart illness. Even on the contrary, there is some evidence to suggest that women who consumed coffee had a smaller risk for exposed to liver disease.

        Some studies also indicate that the chance of coffee drinkers to stroke is 20% lower.

        3. Coffee can Be Made Long.

        The coffee drinkers have the opportunity to be exposed to many different types of disease, very reasonable in a coffee can be made long. There is some research to suggest that drinkers the coffee had a lower risk of death.

        In two studies, the activity of drinking coffee is associated with a decrease in risk of death of males by 20% and decrease the risk of death of women 26%, in the period of 18-24 year olds.

        4. Coffee Helps to Reduce the Pain.

        Two cups of coffee can reduce pain in muscles after exercising as much as 48%.

        5. Coffee can Reduce the Risk of Gout Was Exposed.

        Research involving 50,000 men showed that risk to terekna gout decreased with increasing coffee consumption.

        6. Coffee can Protect the Liver.
        Coffee drinkers risk to exposed to cirrhosis of the liver are lower than people who don't drink coffee. People who drink 4 or more cups of coffee per day had a risk for exposed to cirrhosis 80% lower.

        7. Coffee can Reduce Seizures Around the Eyelids.

        Can coffee prevent of seizures around the eyelids, which can eventually lead to blindness.

        8. Coffee can Treat Depression.

        Depression is one of the types of mental disorders that reduce the quality of life significantly. In a study published by the Harvard years 2011, women who drank coffee cups 4 or more in a day had a 20% lower chance to hit by the depression.

        Other studies with participants as much as 208,424 showed that people who drank coffee cups 4 or more in a day have a lower chance of suicide, i.e. 53% lower.

        9. Drink Black Coffee is beneficial to Prevent Cavities.

        Researchers in Brazil found that black coffee can kill bacteria on the teeth that causes tooth decay. But these benefits will be lost when you add sugar or milk into the coffee.

        10. Coffee is an Excellent Source of Antioxidants.

        Coffee contains antioxidants in great abundance. In fact research shows that most people get more antioxidants than coffee instead of vegetables and fruit. 

        11. Coffee can Burn Fat.

        Almost all supplement fat burners that are sold commercially turned out to contain caffeine. The reason is because caffeine is one of the few natural substances that proved to be able to burn fat in the body.

        Some research indicates that caffeine can increase the metabolic processes of 3 – 11%. Other studies have shown that caffeine can increase fat burning by 10% in people who suffer from obesity and 29% in people who are not obese.

        12. Coffee can Increase Energy Levels and Make Become More Intelligent.

        Coffee can ease tired so that we become more energetic. This is because coffee contains stimulants named caffeine when drunk will affect the way the brain works and produces the effect of "stimulation". The benefits of this coffee can increase energy levels, mood, consciousness and brain function.

        13. Coffee can Improve Physical Performance Drastically.

        In addition to helping fat burning, caffeine also increases the level of adrenaline in the blood. Caffeine makes fat cells (fat cells) destroy body fat, which is then released into the blood as energy. This can improve the performance of a physical to an average of 11 – 12%.

        14. Coffee Contain Important Nutrients to the Body.

        Many nutrients from the coffee beans are washed up into the coffee we drink.

        One glass of coffee contains:
        - Riboflavin (Vitamin B2): 11% of the RDA.
        - Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5): 6% of the RDA.
        - Manganese and Potassium: 3% of the RDA.
        - Magnesium and Niacin (B3): 2% of the RDA.

        RDA stands for Recommended Dietary Allowance, i.e. the estimation of the amount of nutrients (or calories) per day is needed to preserve the health of the body.

        Although it may seem insignificant, most people drank more than 1 cup of coffee every day. If you drink 3-4 glasses per day, then the number of his nutritional became increasingly high.

        15. Coffee can Reduce the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes.

        Type 2 diabetes is a huge health problem. Currently there are about 300 million people with diabetes worldwide.

        Research shows that the risk for coffee lovers affected by type 2 diabetes is 23 – 50% smaller compared to those who did not drink coffee.

        According to a review of the 18 research results with a total of 457,922 participants, each glass coffee equivalent of a 7% decrease in risk of type 2 diabetes affected.

        16. Coffee Increased the Number of  Fiber Consumed Body.

        One glass of the coffee equivalent of 1.8 grams fiber. The amount of the recommended fiber consumption is 20 – 38 grams.

        17. Coffee can Prevent Alzheimer's Disease and Dimensia.

        Alzheimer's disease is a disease of the nerves and ability decrease leading causes worldwide dimensia. Generally patients are elderly people aged over 65 years.

        Unfortunately until now there has been no remedy for curing Alzheimer's. But there are some things we can do to prevent the disease, one of them by way of drinking coffee.

        Several studies indicate that the risk for Alzheimer's-affected coffee drinkers was 65% lower compared to those who did not drink coffee.

        18. Coffee Prevent Parkinson's.

        The advent of Parkinson's disease is a decrease in the ability of nerve number two after Alzheimer's. One of Parkinson's most famous case was suffered by Muhammad Ali, one of the best heavyweight boxer in the history of boxing.

        Parkinson's is caused by the death of dopamine-producing nerve in the brain. Same is the case with the drug to cure Alzheimer's, Parkinson's also still has not been found. Therefore, it is important to prevent this type of disease.

        Research shows that the risk for Parkinson's-affected coffee drinkers were lower around 32 – 60%. This, because coffee contains caffeine, since those who drank decaffeinated coffee (decaf coffee) does not have a decreased risk of Parkinson's.

        Side Effects of Excessively Drinking Coffee.

        Although Coffee does not cause chronic diseases, but the coffee has some side effects. Here are some of the side effects if too much coffee :

        1. Drinking Coffee can Create Anxiety.

        One side effect of caffeine for health is that it can cause anxiety. Not all people experience this side effect, but a study at the University of Michigan proved side effects could cause someone irritability could even make his hand easy shaking.

        2. Drinking Coffee can be Affected by Cardiovascular Disorders.

        The heart will be pounding when drinking too much coffee, because in certain levels of caffeine can affect nerves centers in the brain. Caffeine can also raise blood pressure so it is not recommended for sufferers of hypertension and heart ache.

        3. Drinking Coffee can Create Headaches.

        Some types of headache medication using a mixture of caffeine because in the least amount of these compounds do have anti pain efficacy. However, the opposite effect can occur if too much is consumed, such as drinking more than a cup of coffee or espresso 2-3 5-6 plain Cup of coffee per day.

        4. Drinking Coffee can Affect the Digestive System.

        Stomach heartburn and nausea often complained when drinking too much coffee. Not because of the coffee is already stale, but caffeine itself does indeed increase acid production in the stomach so it is not recommended to drink coffee before eating.

        5. Drinking Interfere with the Process of Urination.

        While it is cold in the air-conditioned room (air conditioner), to warm yourself with a cup of coffee is not a good idea. The cold alone is causing a desire to pee more often, plus the side effects of caffeine as a diuretic then chances are urinating will add great.

        6. Drinking can Cause Insomnia.

        The most common side effects of drinking too much coffee was not able to sleep. For adolescents or middle-aged, this effect may simply be tired but could trigger a sense of serious impact for the health of the House.

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